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Its Copper Anemia Not Iron Anemia!

Anemia basically signifies a low red blood cell count or a low hemoglobin level in the blood serum. It is an important symptom because hemoglobin contained in the red blood cells carries oxygen from the lungs to every cell in the body.

When one is anemic, one’s energy level decreases and one can become easily tired. If the condition is extreme, oxygen starvation occurs with many other problems such as fainting, low resistance to infections, and inadequate oxygenation of the tissues.

How is blood produced?

Blood is produced in the marrow of all the long bones of the body. This may seem like an unusual place for blood formation, but the reason for it is that the bones actually protect the marrow from most contamination due to various toxins, including toxic metals.

Today, most people have some toxic metals in the bone marrow itself. This is one reason for blood disorders. Once the red blood cells are formed in the marrow, they circulate for about four months before they are destroyed in the spleen. Their components are then recycled to make new red and white blood cells. This is actually a fascinating process and one that can change due to many factors.

Anemia is a very common symptom

1) Those caused by low or inadequate production of red blood cells.

2) Those caused by too rapid destruction of red blood cells. Usually this occurs when the red blood cells are not healthy and robust.

Toxic Metals

Most toxic metals can cause anemias. This is largely overlooked by doctors because there is no easy way to measure all the toxic metals, especially deep in the bone marrow where blood is made.

Copper Anemia

A very common type of anemia that is not well understood by doctors is due to copper imbalance. It is usually mild, and on tests it looks exactly like iron deficiency anemia. Doctors give iron for it but taking iron does not correct it completely.

It is much more common in women, and not because of blood loss due to menstruation. Women have more copper imbalance than men. To correct it, one must correct the copper imbalance. This requires a mineral balancing program, in most cases.


Copper Imbalance

Anemia due to a copper imbalance is the most common type of anemia in the industrialized world due to widespread copper imbalance in the population. Many, if not most apparent iron deficiency anemias are caused by copper imbalance.

These cases do not respond well to iron therapy. Taking an iron supplement when copper imbalance is present often just poisons the body with iron! Instead, these individuals require a development program to correct the copper imbalance.

Biologically available copper is required for the conversion of iron from the ferric to the ferrous form, and back again, to produce hemoglobin. Bioavailable copper is also required to incorporate iron into the hemoglobin molecule.

Signs and symptoms are those of a mild, chronic, microcytic, microchromic anemia. It is most common in teenage and adult women, although it can occur in anyone.

While anemia due to copper imbalance appears identical on blood tests to iron deficiency anemia, the cause and correction is very different. A hair mineral analysis can help distinguish the two types. Taking iron is not helpful, and, in fact, taking iron supplements is very harmful when it is not needed. We take a lot of young women, in particular, off iron supplements when their anemia is due to copper imbalance, and they recover fully.

Iron Deficiency

Adequate iron is needed in everyone as it is the central atom of the hemoglobin molecule. Iron deficiency is most common in poor nations where people do not eat meat and eggs. It also occurs in some cases of pregnancy, and in young women who have very heavy menstrual periods. It can also occur in some vegetarians who do not eat meat or eggs. Finally, it can occur due to hidden bleeding somewhere in the body. For example, bleeding could be due to an ulcer, a cancer or to an accident or injury.

Iron deficiency produces a microcytic, microchromic anemia, meaning that the red blood cells are too small, and they are not very red when viewed under a microscope. This is a hallmark of this type of anemia.

Simple iron deficiency anemia is not that common in the industrialized world, and is easy to take care of by adding more meat and eggs to the diet, in most cases. One can also take an iron supplement, although most regular iron supplements are hard on the intestines and often cause constipation. Chelated iron or liver tablets are much better, if these are needed.


Beware, however, of three critical facts about iron deficiency anemia today.

A. In my experience, simple iron deficiency anemia is not that common in the industrialized nations, except during pregnancy, among some vegetarians and in a few young women with extremely heavy menstrual periods.

B. Copper anemia exactly mimics iron deficiency anemia, and is far more common. It causes a microcytic, microchromic anemia exactly like iron deficiency, can cause low ferritin, and it is extremely common. Doctors often give women iron for this condition, which only makes the women more ill! It is discussed below.

C. Iron is very toxic when in excess. Therefore, beware of taking iron or eating loads of meat every day. In fact, iron overload is extremely common, as revealed on hair mineral tests and medical articles. Our bodies have trouble removing iron, so iron easily can build up in the body, where it causes or contributes to all the major diseases of our time. These include arthritis, inflammation, heart disease, diabetes and cancer.

B12 deficiency also called pernicious anemia

This is a less common anemia that occurs mainly in older people, in some vegetarians, and in some people who low levels of hydrochloric acid in the stomach or low digestive enzymes, in general.

Most people lose some ability to absorb vitamin B12 from their food as they age. This is a serious problem for many over the age of 60 or perhaps younger, especially if the digestive tract is in poor condition or if one is under a lot of stress. Vitamin B12 is found mainly in animal foods, so vegetarians, especially vegans, are much more prone to this serious condition.

Vitamin B12 deficiency causes a macrocytic or so-called pernicious anemia. It can cause permanent brain damage with symptoms of confusion, memory loss, dementia and even death. It is often missed by doctors in its early stages. A mild B12 anemia may also occur in vegetarians, or others who do not eat much meat or eggs. The cost of supplementary vitamin B12 is so low that this simple problem ought to receive more attention by the medical community. It is also a reason why everyone needs a digestive aid, especially older people.

Lead and other toxic metals

Lead poisoning is well known for causing a type of anemia that can be fatal. Hidden lead toxicity may be responsible for anemias of chronic disease. This is seen commonly with cancer and other degenerative diseases. Elevated lead is often not revealed on any tests until it is eliminated from the body using a nutritional balancing program or some other method. Lead is often hidden because it is deposited deep within bone marrow and other inaccessible areas of the body.

One or more years may be required to mobilize hidden lead with mineral balancing science. Chelation therapy with EDTA and other drugs only removes more superficial lead deposits, in general, and unfortunately also removes essential minerals such as calcium and zinc. Therefore, we never recommend chelation and we don’t require it to remove lead and all the toxic metals.

Other Toxins

A good example is the anemia that usually accompanies cancer. This is caused by a toxin secreted by the cancer cells that poisons the bone marrow.

Heavy menstrual periods, especially if combined with a diet low in iron. This is a problem for some women.

Vegetarian diets also lead to heavy menstrual periods. Eating animal products can solve this problem.

Hidden Internal Bleeding

This can also cause anemia, although it is a less common cause.


Vitamin C deficiency may interfere with iron absorption. Vitamin E deficiency affects the stability of the red blood cell membranes. Low vitamin E also causes a macrocytic anemia with shortened lifespans of the red blood cells.

Copper deficiency can impair iron absorption and incorporation of iron into hemoglobin. This is essentially identical with the copper-induced anemia described above but is due to a frank copper deficiency instead of bounavaliabe copper.

Zinc deficiency can cause a higher copper, which, in turn, interferes with iron metabolism.

Vitamin B6 deficiency can inhibit synthesis of the heme portion of the hemoglobin molecule. Vitamin B2 or B5 deficiencies, while rare, may cause anemias.

Rarely, excess zinc intake can interfere with iron absorption and cause a copper deficiency. It also decreases copper and iron levels in the liver. This can affect the incorporation and release of iron from liver ferritin. It may also increase the fragility of red blood cells.

Folic acid deficiency, while rare, can cause a macrocytic, macrochromic anemia similar to B12 deficiency anemia.


Drug-caused anemia

This is another extremely common type of anemia due to internal bleeding, usually from the stomach. It is most commonly seen in older people who use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for pain such as aspirin, ibuprofen, Tylenol, Aleve and the others.

These drugs damage the stomach lining and cause chronic internal bleeding in thousands upon thousands of people. Some die as a result. Stopping the drugs is usually sufficient to correct the cause of the anemia. I would suggest always avoiding long-term use of these drugs for this very reason, as often the bleeding is hard to detect until the anemia is far advanced.

Chronic Infections

These may cause anemia by an interesting mechanism. The body may sequester iron to keep it out of the blood stream during some infections because iron tends to favor the growth of certain bacteria in the body. One must correct the infection and the anemia most often subsides. Other infective organisms such as beta-hemolytic strep may destroy red blood cells.


Cancers develop extensive networks of blood vessels and these sometimes rupture, causing internal bleeding. This will result in an anemic condition, at times with no other symptoms at all.

Parasitic Infection

In some areas of the world, leeches, other blood-sucking parasites, and worms that may live inside the body can siphon off enough blood to cause anemia. This is rare in developed nations, however.

Chemical Poisoning

Pesticide exposure or something else will occasionally cause unusual blood disorders of many kinds. In general, the chemical poisons the bone marrow in some way and this impairs proper blood formation. However, other mechanisms may be present as well, such as weakening the red blood cells and hastening their destruction. Mineral balancing programs can usually remove most toxic chemicals from the body.

Sickle Cell Anemia and Thalasemias

These are more genetically-related anemias found respectively in Africian populations and Southern European populations. They are due to enzyme deficiencies. It is possible that mineral balancing may even help to keep these anemias in check.


Diets low in meats and eggs are a critically important cause of anemia today. These diets are low in good-quality iron and they are too high in copper. In addition, they are low in zinc, which protects the body against too much copper. Such diets are also low in vitamin B12, especially strict vegetarian and vegan diets.

As a result, these diets cause both pernicious anemia due to low vitamin B12. However, they cause an anemia that looks exactly like iron deficiency anemia, even if one takes iron. The anemia, as explained in the sections above, is due to biounavailable copper. This is a widespread cause of fatigue, lowered resistance to disease and other problems today, especially for women.


There are many unusual types of blood disorders, most of which are uncommon. They may affect the red blood cells, white cells, the platelets or other blood components. In my limited experience with these conditions, improving the nutritional balance and removing toxic metals and toxic chemicals from the body in the systematic fashion that is possible with nutritional balancing science can have a beneficial effect in these cases.

Each case is different, however, so one cannot generalize more than to suggest that this method be tried first, as it is simple and non-invasive.

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All information in this article is for educational purposes only. It is not for the diagnosis, treatment, prescription or cure of any disease or health condition. Article by - Dr. Wilson, MD (graduate of Massachusetts Institute of Technology MIT)


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